Wuhan City to Promote Better-Balanced Development of Compulsory Education in Urban and Rural Areas
Wuhan conscientiously implement the national and provincial deployment requirements, the compulsory education of high quality and balanced development of institutional reform as a city to deepen the reform of the vanguard project, the goal of high quality balance, to deepen the reform as a driving force, with five integration as the starting point, Multi-dimensional co-ordination to promote and achieved remarkable results, work in the forefront of the province.
First, scientific planning, co-ordinating the construction of urban and rural compulsory education school integration
Formulate ”Wuhan General Primary and Secondary School Layout Plan （2013-2020）“， reserve school construction and development land, and incorporate it into the city master plan, making it a statutory plan for the protection of educational land in Wuhan. A total investment of 2.75 billion yuan, completed 469 public primary schools, 222 public junior high school standardization construction tasks, urban and rural schools to further narrow the gap between schools. Formulating Wuhan's Conditions for Comprehensive Improvement of Basic Schooling for Weak Schools in Compulsory Education （2014-2018）， the city improved the conditions for running schools for 236 weak compulsory schools in rural areas and completed 70 tasks of ”comprehensively thinning“ this year. The annual primary and secondary schools with the construction plan and its implementation as the annual performance targets of the district government assessment. This year will ”promote the construction of 115 primary and secondary schools supporting the completion of 20“ into the municipal government ten practical things, efforts to ease the contradictions in some areas of enrollment. Actively resolve the issue of large classes, developed a ”Wuhan City, the elimination of compulsory education special education planning.“
Second, seize the key to co-ordinate the development of urban and rural compulsory education teachers in the development of integration
Wuhan Municipal Government issued the Notice on Strengthening the Implementation of the Construction of Rural Teachers in the City （Wuzhu Ban  No. 125）， and introduced favorable policies on the issues of guaranteeing ”decent education,“ ”teaching well,“ and ”staying in the country.“ Public institutions through public recruitment, placement of free teachers, primary and secondary schools in rural areas to provide teachers and other measures to meet the rural primary and secondary teaching needs. In 2013-2017, 2282 new teachers were recruited in rural primary and secondary schools and kindergartens in the city, of which 1,660 were recruited openly and 322 free tuition students were arranged. Take the exchange within the school district, cross-school competition exchanges, the initial grade teacher exchanges, take the place to teach and exchange, etc., and actively promote the exchange of rotation within the teacher area, 2017-2018 school year the city's compulsory education school to reach 2800 people, accounting for the exchange conditions 13% of the total number of teachers. In the evaluation of teachers' titles, the rural teachers are given a policy of levying a test on their ability to test and quantify accreditation. In the evaluation and evaluation of top-grade teachers, priority indicators are applied to rural teachers. In the appointment of teachers, Teachers engaged in education and teaching work in rural schools should appropriately relax the conditions of appointment or performance. In the annual municipal backbone teacher training, the proportion of rural teachers participating in the training reaches 50% of the total number of participating teachers. On the basis of enjoying the allowance of teachers in rural schools within 12% of urban teachers' performance salary in this district, teachers in rural areas also receive subsidies from backbone teachers in rural compulsory education schools in Hubei Province （special teachers at 1200 yuan per month and other teachers at 600 Yuan / month） and teachers in the old revolutionary base areas （500 yuan / month）。
Third, increase investment, co-ordinate the promotion of urban and rural compulsory education funds to ensure integration
The compulsory education will be fully integrated into the scope of public finance protection, further improve the compulsory education teachers salary guarantee mechanism, and strive to increase teachers' income, teacher salaries fully included in the financial budget, leaving no gap. Further improve the level of public funding for primary and secondary schools in urban and rural compulsory education, and gradually establish a dynamic adjustment mechanism for public funding based on cost analysis. Urban and rural compulsory education waive tuition and fees, textbook fees, subsidize living expenses for boarders and all special education students with family financial difficulties, and waive accommodation fees for rural boarders. The compulsory education in rural and urban areas has achieved ”zero toll collection.“ Standardize and improve the education funding transfer payment system, municipal incremental funding mainly to economically disadvantaged areas, rural areas and weak schools tilt. The proportion of municipal education funds invested in rural education exceeds 50%, greatly improving the conditions for running schools in rural poor schools and basically realizing the equalization of public services in basic education.
Fourth, innovation mechanism, co-ordinating the promotion of urban and rural compulsory education school management integration
The Opinions on the Implementation of School District Management in Compulsory Education Schools in the Whole City were issued and guided by the district to guide the districts to expand the coverage of quality education resources in accordance with the requirements of prestigious schools leading, relative proximity, complementarity and regional cooperation. At present, 217 districts have been set up in the city, with 100% of the central urban areas under district school management and over 50% of urban areas. Enforcement of compulsory education The school is entrusted with the management reform by selecting 55 weak schools from six new metropolitan areas, two development zones and two functional zones （chemical industry zones and scenic spots） as the recipient schools, with 41 high quality compulsory education schools in the central urban area and 5 Han Chinese universities and municipalities as a supporting unit of the Academy of Sciences, the implementation of counterparts entrusted management. Take the city's 30 small class teaching experimental schools as the leading schools to break the regional restrictions in the city within the framework of the establishment of 30 ”municipal small class teaching community“ and actively explore cross-regional schools ”Baotuan development“ of the new path. Conduct the supervision and evaluation of township （street） government education and implement the responsibility of township government education and management. A total of 36 municipal townships （streets） were set up in the municipality. Promoting the construction of a modern school of compulsory education, 138 schools were evaluated and accepted. Primary and secondary schools in the city basically completed the task of formulating the school charter. The establishment and implementation of urban education legal advisory group system, completed more than 850 primary and secondary school law office building.
Fifth, promote fairness, co-ordinate the integration of urban and rural compulsory education quality
Taking the pilot city of education cloud as a turning point, efforts will be made to promote the building of ”three links and two platforms“ to promote the integration of modern information technology and education and teaching. ”Ban Ban Tong“ project covers all the city's primary and secondary schools, primary and secondary school teachers than the computer 1: 1 equipped with primary and secondary computer 7: 1 equipped. In 2016, the national basic education information application site will be held in Wuhan, and the central and provincial media widely report on the ”Wuhan mode“ of educational informationization. Children attending accompanying children will be included in the overall plan for the development of education in the city. The number of accompanying children will be taken as the baseline in terms of issuing enrollment plans for primary and secondary schools, allocating funds for education, approving teacher preparation, developing basic education facilities and planning the layout of primary and secondary schools Arrangements based on the same standards to simplify and optimize the process of enrollment of accompanying children, and actively explore the integration of education, and strive to improve the quality of education of accompanying children, Wuhan City, migrant workers migrant children in public primary and secondary schools to attend the ratio of 97.90% The forefront of the city. We issued a ”Work Plan on Special Campaign for Caring and Protecting“ of ”Left-behind Children in Rural Areas“， and carried out the special action of caring and protection for left-behind children in rural areas and set up 50 caring service stations for left-behind children in rural areas. The ”prevention and control stop“ work into the performance target, governments at all levels, education departments, schools signed a responsibility form layers, the establishment of schools, families and society ”triple“ education network.