Complete Reading of Hubei Private Education New Deal
Recently, our province promulgated the “Opinions of the People's Government of Guangdong Province on Encouraging Social Forces to Start Education and Promote the Healthy Development of Private Education”。 The promulgation of the Opinions was a milestone in the history of private education in Hubei Province. Education a new era coming. In this connection, the reporter interviewed experts and scholars such as Zeng Qinghong, a non-governmental educational research expert, Wu Jia imitation president of Hubei Kindergarten Primary and Secondary School Kindergarten, and Xiong Bingqi, vice president of the 21st Century Education Research Institute, to interpret the New Deal.
Easy access to encourage the inflow of private capital
Policy: Social forces should be put into education as long as they are not prohibited by laws and regulations and schools that carry out special education in such fields as military, police and politics, as well as those that do not damage the interests of third parties, public interests and national security.
Interpretation: In other words, “no law can be prohibited,” to lower barriers to entry, improve examination and approval services, innovation and cooperation mechanisms to attract and support more social resources into the field of education. Encourage social forces to enter the pre-school education, high school education, higher education and non-academic education, Sino-foreign cooperation in running schools, education services. Encourage social forces to set up private schools in concentrated contiguous poverty-stricken areas and gathering areas for ethnic minorities in our province to provide long-term, stable and quality educational resources.
For the withdrawal mechanism, the opinions expressly also stipulate that: For non-government-run non-profit-making private schools established before November 7, 2016, at the time of termination, the sponsor's contribution before September 1, 2017 may be included in the compensation or rewards scope If the remaining assets after the liquidation can be returned to the organizer at no more than the confirmed capital contribution, if there is any balance, the 15% rewards of the net assets of the school （deducting the state-owned assets, donations and value-added part of the land real estate） from the organizers may be given according to the circumstances .
Profit and non-profit strictly implement classification management
Policy: regulate school property changes. Encourage and support for-profit private schools to change their registration as a non-profit school. Private schools at the stage of compulsory education may not be changed to register for profit-making schools. Non-compulsory private schools registered as non-profit-making schools may not change their registrations for profit-making private schools within 5 years; after 5 years, they may change to profit-making non-governmental schools after the asset repurchases are conducted on time.
Interpretation: Non-profit private schools organizers do not obtain the proceeds of running a school, the school running balance all for running a school. Profit-making private schools organizers can obtain the proceeds of running a school, school running balance in accordance with the relevant provisions of the state distribution. Private schools that hold compulsory and other education at the same time, such as choosing for-profit, must strictly distinguish the property rights of compulsory education and non-compulsory education from those of assets and finance, and implement the two legal entities.
The Opinions on Implementation Opinion clearly states that encouraging and supporting social forces to enter non-profit non-profit private schools. No profit-making private schools shall be held during the compulsory education period. Encourage and support for-profit private schools to change registration as a non-profit private schools. Has chosen to register as a non-profit private school according to the procedures for registering the relevant categories and may not change again to register as a for-profit private school. Non-governmental schools that participate in the organization with financial funds may not choose to register as a for-profit private school. Non-government education is to train qualified personnel of all ages, production of special products, in a sense, is good deeds, there should be ideals, there are realms, feelings, responsibility, as private educators.
Prohibited for-profit private schools
Policy: No profit-making private schools may be held during the compulsory education period. Encourage social forces to enter the field of education for non-profit private schools. Whether non-profit or for-profit private schools, should adhere to the education of public welfare properties.
Interpretation: Can not set up for-profit private schools to implement compulsory education, does not lead to private schools will withdraw from. Because non-profit non-profit private schools are not free or low fees, schools may still determine the tuition fees according to the cost of running schools and the needs of the society （subject to examination by the price department and pricing by government departments）， that is to say, fees may still be high, There can be balances, but organizers can not carry out dividends on running balances. Nonprofit schooling does not mean that organizers lose money to run schools. The interests of organizers can still be guaranteed, including attending school activities, getting paid, and providing logistic services to schools through lawful affiliates. More importantly, nonprofit schools will receive government financial subsidies, tax incentives, the use of land concessions and other supportive measures, schools can put more energy and financial resources into running a school to improve the quality of school running, to achieve private education organizers And education scholars dream of education, nurturing education philanthropist.
Non-compulsory education stage can be set for-profit private schools, in the pre-school stage, high school education, higher vocational education, there may be a number of school limited liability companies, and to run academic-based private university companies, very difficult. It is foreseeable that more private capital will be put into private education after the opening of for-profit private schools. This is a good thing for enriching educational resources. However, it is also necessary to avoid quick success of running schools through profit-seeking capital. In the field of pre-school education, this may be manifested in the fact that capital does not attach importance to the rapid expansion of the quality of kindergartens and the amount of money involved. In the field of upper secondary education, this may be manifested in the schools' “earning” the “market competition” ; In the field of vocational education, this may be manifested in the organizers seeking students for their benefits as cheap labor and in business cooperation; in the field of higher education, this may be reflected in the school's neglect of quality and the sale of national diplomas for trafficking - in our country Diploma granted by the state system, universities in developed countries are autonomous schools, awarded degrees independently by the professional body certification and social recognition.
Private educational institutions to obtain domestic listing opportunities
Policy: Innovate financial support. We will establish and improve a private-sector investment and financing mechanism and rely on the existing financing guarantee institutions to increase financial support for private schools and encourage non-government-funded education organizations to set up guarantee companies and actively conduct business, service and private schools.
Interpretation: the implementation of classified management, for-profit private schools and for-profit private training institutions, “good” is that access to a clear market position, you can justifiably in the domestic stock market - China's private schools in the past and education and training Institutions, can only be listed overseas. However, whether classified management can handle the chaos of education and training remains to be seen. From the perspective of implementing the “Private Education Promotion Law” promulgated and promulgated by various localities and promoting the healthy development of private education, the privately-run educational and training institutions also implement the permit for running schools + The examination and approval of business license registration, the seemingly strict examination of the registration method, the result has led to some failed to approve the conditions of the agency, registered as an education consulting company, but engaged in education and training business; or simply did not apply for a permit to run, At the beginning of this year, Shanghai Municipality Education, Business and other departments Mopai found that Shanghai nearly 7,000 various types of education and training institutions, the license is about a quarter of the full, “there are According to no qualification of education and training ”the largest body,“ undocumented ”more than 1,300. This requires the local government attaches great importance to the implementation of the permit to run a business license registration and approval of the business license at the same time, we must establish a comprehensive regulatory mechanism that can not be the education sector, business sector their own way, pushing each other.
Classification registration transition period of 3 years
Policy: strict classification management. Private schools to implement non-profit and for-profit classification management. Nonprofit private schools organizers do not obtain the proceeds of running a school, running balances are all used for running a school. Profit-making school organizers can obtain the proceeds of running a school, the school running balance is allocated according to relevant state regulations. In principle, the classification registration must be completed by September 1, 2020.
Interpretation: On November 7, 2016, the NPC Standing Committee examined and passed the decision of modifying the “Private Education Promotion Law”。 On September 1, 2017, the newly revised “Private Education Promotion Law” came into effect. The biggest highlight of this reform is classified registration, classification management, but the specific methods of operation to the provincial government to develop. In order to ensure a smooth transition, the policy transition period has been set up all over the country, that is, the time limit. The provinces vary from 10 years to 5 years, 3 years and 2 years. Hubei stipulates that it is required for 3 years to require all localities to clear their rights in private schools and to re-register them. We should fully respect the actual conditions of schools and the history of running schools and give policy to schools and schools to give them a transitional period of 1 to 3 years. However, it must be completed in September 2020 1 days ago to complete the classification registration.
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Hubei private education big data
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At present, there are 44 private universities in the province （15 independent undergraduates, 17 independent colleges and 12 higher vocational colleges） with 450,000 students, accounting for the total number of ordinary colleges and students in the province More than one third of the total assets of tens of billions of giant. More than 260 private primary and secondary schools, private kindergartens more than 4000, students and in the park more than 1 million children. According to incomplete statistics, in the past two to three years, nearly 20 projects have been invested and planned to be invested in Hubei Province for the construction of private primary and secondary schools, and private basic education is in the ascendant.